Hair loss in men
Hair loss in men (baldness) affects up to 30 percent of men at the age of 30 and 50 percent of men at the age of 50 years. Hair can start to fade at any time. Hair loss in some men begins in late adolescence, but most begin to have it only after 30 years.
This process does not disturb some men. Others have the emotional distress associated with lack of self-confidence and sometimes depression.
Types of hair loss treatments for men
There are many treatments that can help prevent or avoid hair loss in men, in this case, we give you more information to a continuation: Want to know more? Just click on the image to see what each one is dealing with.
Causes of hair loss in men
The most common cause of hair loss in men is androgenic alopecia, also known as “baldness.”
Heredity plays an important role in determining the causes of hair loss. According to scientists, a greater impact on heredity has the maternal chromosomes. That helps explain why the state of hair loss is more similar to the hair loss of the maternal grandfather than his father’s grandfather.
However, this is not the case, a direct inheritance of the father’s baldness is also observed.
A gene that can affect hair loss in men should be dominant. This means that a person may have genes that can affect hair loss, but this does not necessarily mean that they will manifest themselves causing hair loss. of how genes will manifest, the following factors may influence: hormones, age, stress, and other factors.
So far, it is not fully understood how genes affect hair loss in men and it takes a long time to fully understand how genes affect hair.
Hormonal changes and hair loss in men
Hair loss in men is associated with the male hormone dihydrotestosterone (DHT) that acts on the genetic susceptibility of scalp hair follicles, which makes them smaller and eventually disappear. This process is called “miniaturization”.
Sensitive to the DHT hair follicles, which are in the front, the upper part and the scalp crown. This model is described by Norvud and usually, begins with the recession of the hairline in the temples and the thinning of the crown.
DHT is formed under the influence of testosterone enzyme 5-alpha-reductase, a hormone that causes sexual characteristics in men. DHT causes hair loss in men by reducing growth or its complete stunting in growth, leading to miniaturization (size reduction)
The hair of each one begins to fall at different ages. But the hair does not fall right away and everything, gradually looks its thinning and every year they become less. Many people pay attention to the loss of hair has an alternation of periods of slow and rapid loss and even stability.
Many of the reasons for these stages are not fully known, but we know that with age, the total volume of human hair usually decreases.
Even when there is no genetic predisposition to baldness, with age, many men have the miniaturization of hair. It gets thinner, shorter, almost stops growing, and eventually disappears.
All the scalp of all adult patients is exposed to the aging process, so even the donor area (hair transplant) is not really permanent, the volume of hair will decrease.
Stress makes the adrenal glands produce an excessive amount of cortisol, it is the stress hormone. High levels of cortisol break down collagen, leading to a decrease in the density of bone tissue, and can also lead to hair loss. High and constant stress makes the adrenal glands work very active due to an increased need for a stress hormone, cortisol. In men also produces the extra testosterone and adrenaline. Additional testosterone means more DHT which in turn can cause hair loss in men.
Hair loss in men is a common symptom of thyroid disease. thyroid gland disease and hormonal imbalance when the thyroid gland is not working properly affect the entire body. Before the hair loss begins due to the thyroid gland, the hair texture is often changed, as a rule, it becomes dry, rough and easily tangled. Facial and body hair does not grow well or look bad. The first symptom of thyroid gland disorders is a thinning of the outer rim of the eyebrows.
A balanced diet is a key to health. It is very important that the body gets enough of the necessary vitamins, minerals, and nutrients so that our body works as it should. The loss of hair in men can be attributed to the lack of proteins, iron, zinc and biotin. In addition to scarcity, if there are too many nutrients, such as vitamin A or carotene, this may also cause premature male baldness.
Due to treatment
Hair loss in men is a common side effect of many medications. Anticoagulant medications, antidepressants, beta-blockers, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, and vitamin preparations on the basis of (retinoids) may lead to hair loss in men. Chemotherapy also affects hair, is completely lost. However, after stopping taking these medications the hair follicles grow again.
Unhealthy lifestyle can lead to hair loss
Maintaining a healthy lifestyle is important. Your body can’t work at an optimum level, if you work hard, you don’t sleep, you have small rest, you don’t exercise or eat badly. The situation gets worse if you smoke and drink.
Diseases that can cause hair loss in men:
- Ringworm of the scalp (a fungal infection)
- Systemic lupus erythematosus (a disease in which the body attacks its own cells and healthy tissues)
Symptoms of baldness
Most male hair begins to fall on the side of the head or crown. The hair that grows later is usually shorter and thinner than the previous hair and finally, the hair is thinning. That’s a hair loss in typical men associated with aging and genes.
When the hair is dropped or thinned in the form of spots, which is accompanied by itching, scaling, redness or peeling of the skin, it can be a fungal infection.
The loss of hair in men is diagnosed fairly simple. Observing “The pattern” of the propagation of hair loss and the miniaturization of hair. Possible patterns of hair loss in men can be found in the hair loss causes, treatment.
Miniaturization is a gradual reduction in the diameter of the hair shaft and its length, can be observed by a densitometer, is the manual tool that increases a small area of the scalp where the hair is cut to 1 mm.
In addition, you can take the hair to diagnose, scrape, scalp biopsy. Dermatological consultation is done when the cause of hair loss is unclear.
Hair loss in men, treatment
Treatment with medications
Medicines play a very important role in preventing and treating hair loss. They are particularly useful in the early stages of baldness. There is an approved drug for the treatment of hair loss in men (androgenic alopecia) is Propecia (containing 1 or 5 mg of finasteride).
To achieve the desired result it is necessary to have patience since the treatment takes 6 months to 1 year. At the beginning of the treatment, many men notice the hair loss but then the hair falls stops. The course cannot be interrupted, you must completely tartar.
Finasteride is a pill that affects a certain production of the male hormone associated with hair loss. It slows down the hair loss. This small pill decreases the miniaturization of hair follicles, which eventually leads to baldness. You’ll have to take 1 pill a day for the rest of your life. When you stop using this medicine, your hair will start to fall again. It is not recommended for men with liver problems.
Hair transplantation consists of transplanting small sections of hair from areas where hair continues to grow and place in areas that are bald. This process can cause minor scarring and can get the infection. This enquirer usually requires multiple sessions and can be costly. The results, however, are excellent and the effect is permanent.
Suturing to the scalp is not recommended. This may cause scarring, abscess, and scalp infection. The use of artificial fiber implants was banned because of the high probability of infection.
Scalp reduction, a technique that is more suitable for men with small baldness, well defined in the crown of the head.
Laser therapy is also used to treat hair loss in men. The influence of the laser beam on hair growth is confirmed by many scientists.
It converts 70 percent of the hair follicles of the resting phase into the growth phase. The treatment is carried out throughout the year, it is necessary to start with 2 times a week, and in the end, it is once a month. Avoid laser treatment in hairdressers. To get the best results, find an institution, where there is a doctor who specializes in hair loss.
Mesotherapy and hair loss in men. It is a series of microinjections of vitamins, minerals and DHT blockers on the scalp to promote hair regeneration. Mesotherapy for hair is a safe, simple and economical option for the restoration of hair without transplantation. Mesotherapy is carried out every 5-7 days. The course includes 10-12 Enquirer. After that, you have to do the Enquirer once a month to maintain the effect of mesotherapy. Read more about Mesotherapy for hair.